A popular anti skin aging ingredient is Vitamin C. In anti skin aging treatment Vitamin C is the most effective ingredient. The skin receives many good benefits from Vitamin C. Not only does this vitamin help get rid of the free radicals that can damage your skin but it also helps your body increase the production of collagen.
The biggest challenge for the skin care industry is the stability of Vitamin C. When exposed to the air, Vitamin C oxidizes immediately. When Vitamin C is oxidized it not only becomes ineffective but it is also harmful to individuals since it will increase the production of free radicals.
Manufacturers have invested lots of money on researching a way to find alternative forms of solving the major oxidation problem. Increasing the concentration of Vitamin C so it doesn't loose its effectiveness is one solution they have found. Often time manufacturers will increase the concentration to ten percent. As the concentration of Vitamin C increases so does the price. So for this reason many consumers look for alternatives to skin products that contain Vitamin C.
Vitamin C derivatives have also been found by researchers that can be used as ingredients. Derivatives of Vitamin C that can easily penetrate the skin cells and release a proper amount of acid to help the production of collagen are ideal. The most common fat soluble Vitamin C derivative in skin care products is ascorbyl palmitate. This ingredient is more stable and less irritating than Vitamin C. Another derivative is the water soluble magnesium ascorbyl phosphate. This ingredient is also good for products that are made specifically for sensitive skin. Both these derivatives don't oxidize as easily as Vitamin C and don't cause as much irritation. Although they aren't as effective as pure Vitamin C.
It is best to check a product first before buying a skin care product based with Vitamin C. You can determine which products are effective to use since Vitamin C oxidizes easily. You can determine the effectiveness by the color of the product. A product is useless and harmful if it is yellowish-brown since this means it has been exposed to the air. With Vitamin C products you should read the label carefully to ensure you aren't wasting your money on a product that won't work.
Depending on the individual the effectiveness of a product will vary. While Vitamin C products will work well for some they can be useless for others. Some skin care product ingredients don't respond effectively for all skin types. To maintain and improve the efficiency of products you should make sure you store products properly.
It used to be that only the upper crust could afford to own real leather furniture; the rest of us had to make do with synthetic substitutes. But in recent years, prices have started to come down as leather has become more popular. Manufacturers are offering a greater choice in styles, making it possible to find leather to suit almost every taste and budget. Before you invest in this practical, versatile furniture, saddle up with some savvy buying tips.
Grade is the most important feature of leather's quality--and an indicator of durability and price. Manufacturers and showrooms use similar vocabulary to describe grade, which makes the buyer's job easier. Top grain indicates leather taken from the desirable outer surface of the hide. Leathers taken from the lower surfaces are split grains, and are much weaker. All but the least expensive furniture should be made from top grains.
Top-grain leathers are graded based on the ways manufacturers prepare the leather.
Aniline (or "pure" or "full" aniline) leather is soaked in aniline dye, but does not have other finishes or pigments applied. Only the best hides are used for this superbly soft leather. Semi-aniline (or "protected" aniline) leathers have a small amount of coating or pigment, giving them slightly better protection against stains and fading. Pigmented leathers are fully treated with surface color. Made from lesser-grade hides, they are stiffer than anilines, but also more stain- and scuff-resistant, and more affordable.
Leathers are graded by how much manufacturers have to do to get them ready for market. Nearly perfect, mark-free hides are rare and, therefore, highly prized. Most anilines will have visible markings, such as wrinkles and scars, that contribute to their natural beauty. Like a well-worn wallet or bomber jacket, they develop a lustrous patina with age and use.
Keep in mind that added finishes and surface pigments aren't necessarily bad. In fact, if you prefer more consistent color in your furniture, untreated anilines may not be for you. Finishes and pigments also provide greater protection from scratches, stains, and sun fading. The "best" leather, in other words, is by no means always the best choice for your family or situation.
The texture of leather furniture, like its appearance, is partly a function of its grade. The highest quality hides become the softest and most supple leathers. (In industry-speak, they have a more luxurious "hand," or feel.) Pigmented leathers and "corrected grain" leathers (those that have been buffed to remove obvious surface imperfections) have a stiffer hand. Beyond these differences, the following texturing techniques can give leather its distinctive appearance and feel:
Nubuck leathers are lightly brushed or abraded, resulting in a short nap with a plush softness. Nubucks are top-grain leathers, so they last longer than do their cousins, suedes. Nubucks also have the advantage of being treated with a protectant that makes them more stain-resistant than other anilines. Suedes approximate the look and feel of nubucks but are made from less-durable split grains.
Sauvage is a two-toned effect that lends depth to leather, producing a marbled or creased appearance.
Pull-up leathers are full anilines that have an oil or wax application. When the leather is pulled, or stretched, the oil or wax separates, producing a lighter burst of color. The pull-up technique is used for distressed or weathered looks.
Embossed leathers are corrected grains that have a new pattern or grain imprinted on them with high heat or pressure, resulting in anything from alligator to floral effects.
Grade will largely determine how much you pay for leather furniture. A sofa made from top-grain leather will range from $700 (a good sale on corrected-grain, pigmented leather) to $6,000 or more for designer names and pure aniline leather.
Leather may take slightly more care and upkeep than fabric upholstery. But in the long run, it's worth the trouble. Here are tips for preventive maintenance:
Keep leather furniture away from heat sources, which will eventually dry the leather out.
Place furniture out of direct sunlight, which causes leather to fade.
Vacuum leather regularly to remove dust.
Blot any spills immediately with a dry cloth, and let air dry.
Regularly use the recommended cleaners or creams to improve leather's resistance to staining and to keep it soft and supple.
Leather-care products are available from furniture manufacturers and stores; salespeople can recommend products for the furniture you select. Many retailers also offer leather warranties. For a moderate price (about $100 for a seven-year warranty on a sofa, half that for a chair), your leather will be repaired or replaced if it cracks, stains, or tears, ensuring that you will enjoy it for years to come.
If you are painting and have to use a second paint of coat on a wall for the next day, put your paint roller, and rolling pan in a trash bag. Then freeze it. You won't have to do any clean up on them that night. The next day when you have to paint, just let it defrost and paint away.
Take a hammer and nail and poke four small holes on the rim of the paint can. All the paint will drain right back to the can. Less mess and the lid will not stick.
If you are painting from the can, put a large rubber band or string across the middle. Just wipe your brush on that, no paint drips on the side of the can to worry about.
Don't use masking tape on the windows when you are painting by the glass part of the window frames. Use strips of wet newspaper. They stick great. Just make sure to remove them before they dry. They are easier to remove that way.
Also if you are painting cabinet doors and don't want them to stick to the frame of the cabinet, clip a clothespin at the bottom of the door. It helps keep the door open enough so it won't stick. Sure there will be a tiny spot at the bottom, but that is easy enough to touch up when everything else is dry.
Cleaning Gas Grills
Gas grills can get messy pretty quickly, but they're not too hard to clean. Materials needed:
Large plastic tub half filled with soapy water
Plastic scouring pad
Grill brushes, made with soft metal such as brass
New lava rocks
Wet/dry shop vacuum cleaner
Before you start cleaning a gas grill, disconnect and remove the gas canister. This makes the cleaning job both easier and safer. Remove the main grills and place them in a large tub of soapy water. Allow them to soak for an hour or so. Remove the upper racks and soak them too. Remove and discard the lava rocks. They lose their effectiveness after a year or two as they're covered with grease drippings.
Take out the lava-rock rack and soak it with the grills. If the rack is rusty, you may need to replace it.
If the grill has a drip guard that prevents grease from getting onto the burners, it probably needs cleaning too. Lift it out and place it in the tub. Use a spatula to scrape burnt-on grease from the inner walls of the grill. Use a wet/dry shop vacuum cleaner to remove the rest of the rocks, food particles and other debris from inside the grill.
Now that you've removed everything from the grill cabinet, inspect the burner and the cabinet body. If the burner appears damaged, replace it. If you notice rust in the cabinet, don't paint it, spread vegetable oil over it. The heat from the grill will bake the oil into the rust and prevent it from spreading.
After the grills, rack and burner cover have soaked for an hour or so, remove them from the tub, and scrub them to remove baked-on grease. You can use a metal grill-cleaning brush on stainless-steel grills, but porcelain grills should be cleaned with plastic or nylon scouring pads: metal brushes could scratch the finish.
If the grills are rusty, replace them. Consider a stainless steel or porcelain-finish grill, which won't rust and is easy to clean.
When you're done cleaning, reassemble the grill. Protect the grill from the elements with a grill cover.
Great Uses for Coffee Filters
If you have cork pieces floating in a bottle of wine, run the wine through a sieve lined with a coffee filter.
Separate your china dishes for safer storage: place a coffee filter between each dish. (I use paper plates for this when packing my good dishes for moving.)
Splatter-proof bowls or dishes when cooking in the microwave by covering them with a coffee filter. (This works great!)
Recycle frying oil by straining it through a sieve lined with a coffee filter.
Weigh chopped foods by placing ingredients in a coffee filter on the kitchen scale.
Coffee filters make great wrappers for tacos and other messy foods! (Wow! Love this one!)
Line a flower planter with a coffee filter to prevent soil from leaking through the drain holes.
Insert a popsicle stick in a coffee filter to catch the drips. (Love this one, too!)
Back to School Tips
To remove odors from thermos bottles: leave crushed newspapers in the bottle (or any smelly sealed container) for a couple of days. Or: fill the thermos with water, drop in four Alka-Seltzer tablets. Let it soak for an hour, longer if necessary.
Add a sprinkling of baking soda to your child's lunch box each day after school. Wipe clean or shake out the baking soda in the morning before packing their lunch. Keeps that box smelling fresh all year!
At the beginning of each school year, buy an accordion file folder. Add all the school papers as they come in. You can sort them when you have time.
Bring home an unused large (or extra-large) pizza box from your neighborhood pizzeria to store art work and large paper projects that you or your child will want to keep. You can stash the pizza box under a bed for easy storage.
Buy a rubber stamp or order self stick labels with your child's name and grade for identifying books, field trip permission slips, lunch money envelopes, etc.
If you can persuade your child to wait just two or three weeks for school supplies (back packs, lunch boxes, etc.) these items will be in the clearance section by mid September with huge discounts. The kids can get by with last year's stuff while they wait.
Write a love note, silly poem or an inspiring message to your child on their lunch napkin.
Headaches - Eat plenty of fish. Fish oil helps prevent headaches. So does ginger, which reduces inflammation and pain.
Hay Fever - Eat lots of yogurt before pollen season.
To Prevent Strokes - Prevent buildup of fatty deposits on artery walls with regular doses of tea.
Insomnia - Use honey as a tranquilizer and sedative.
Asthma - Eating onions helps ease constriction of bronchial tubes.
Arthritis - Salmon, tuna, mackerel and sardines actually prevent arthritis.
Upset Stomach - Bananas will settle an upset stomach. Ginger will cure morning sickness and nausea.
Bladder Infection - High-acid cranberry juice controls harmful bacteria.
Bone Problems - Bone fractures and osteoporosis can be prevented by the manganese in pineapple.
PMS - Women can ward off the effects of PMS with cornflakes, which help reduce depression, anxiety and fatigue. (Hey, what about chocolate? LOL!)
Memory Problems - Oysters help improve your mental functioning by supplying much-needed zinc. (Oh yuck ... I'll stay stoopid. ;-) )
Colds - Clear up that stuffy head with garlic.
Coughing - A substance similar to that found in cough syrups is found in hot red pepper.
Breast Cancer - Wheat, bran, cabbage. Bran and cabbage help maintain estrogen at healthy levels.
Lung Cancer - A good antidote is beta carotene, a form of Vitamin A found in dark green and orange vegetables.
Ulcers - Cabbage contains chemicals that help heal both gastric and duodena ulcers.
Diarrhea - Grate an apple with its skin, let it turn brown and eat it to cure this condition.
Clogged Arteries - Mono unsaturated fat in avocados lowers cholesterol.
High Blood Pressure - Olive oil has been shown to lower blood pressure. Celery contains a chemical that lowers pressure, too.
Blood Sugar Imbalance - The chromium in broccoli and peanuts help regulate insulin and blood sugar.
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